Maps of Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya
Jaintia Hills District is a part of the erstwhile Jaintia Kingdom which is also known as Sutnga Kingdom prior to the dawn of legends and chronicles in the annals of history. At present Jaintia is the name of the district which was created on the 22nd February 1972, a month after the State of Meghalaya was accorded the status of statehood, carved out from the existing state of Assam in the North Eastern part of India. It constitutes the eastern most part of Meghalaya with a residuary geographical area of 3819 Sq. Km. The area lies between east longitude 91.59 deg. and 92.45 deg. and between north latitude 25.3 deg. and 25.45 deg. It is bounded on the north and east by the state of Assam, on the south by Bangladesh and on the west by the East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya.
The Jaintia Hills District lies between Latitudes 20degrees 58minutes and 26degrees 3 minutes North and Longitudes 91degrees 59minutes and 92degrees 51minutes East.
The present day Jaintia Hills District is but a remnant of the erstwhile Jaintia Kingdom which had been subjected to repeated divisions and partitions since the advent of the British in the North Eastern region and immediately after India's Independence.
Being one of the oldest states in the region, it was mentioned in the Puranic and Tantrik literature.
It was computed by scholars that U Chyngklein Am, the eldest son of KA Li Dakha and U Luh Ryndi, ruled the Jaintia state in the 3rd century B.C.
This district has one of the largest collections of ancient monolith, menhirs and tomb stones.
After Meghalaya became a full-fledged state in 1972, the Khasi and the Jaintia Hills were constituted under one administrative unit but later it was change. The District Council was introduced in the hill areas in 1952. Khasi and Jaintia Hills were put together but a separate District Council was created for each of these tribal groups.